What are the three major acts of criminal law in India?

Criminal law is an area of the law that is concerned with the crimes and laws applied to those who commit them.The importance of criminal law in society cannot be neglected, as it performs various important functions. At first, criminal law set up a set of rules and regulations that govern actions within the society, maintaining public safety and order. Secondly, criminal law safeguards the rights and freedoms of individuals by bringing wrongdoers to account. Additionally, it helps in setting up boundaries for acceptable behavior and provides a framework for resolving disputes between individuals and the state.

To know more on criminal laws and their importance in modern times, read the article below in which we have talked about the major acts of criminal law in India and their significance in the Indian legal framework. Also, we have talked about the role of criminal lawyers in Chandigarh or other states.


  • What is a Criminal law?
  • What are the three major acts of Criminal law in India?
  • Roles of courts and legal professionals in implementation of Criminal law
  • Conclusion
  • FAQs

What is a Criminal law?

The criminal law is defined as the law that deals with the crimes. Crimes are actions which violate the basic rules and principles by which society lives. Within the domain of criminal law, there are many different types of crimes, each with their own sets of punishments.

Some common types of crimes include fraud, rape, murder, assault, battery, theft, arson, drug offenses, and sexual abuse. Criminal law is important because it’s a system that includes law enforcement, courts, and lawyers to stop the crimes.

There are many objectives to the creation and upholding of criminal law and lawyers in Chandigarh or other states in India:

Some of them are mentioned below:

  • Maintaining Public Order:  The aim of criminal law is to maintain societal harmony by decreasing crimes and punishing those who commit them.
  • Preventing Crimes: By enforcing penalties for criminals, criminal law seeks to decrease the potential of crimes and thus reduces crime rates and promotes public safety.
  • Protecting the Public: Criminal law safeguards the rights and liberties of the public by holding criminals accountable for their actions and providing justice to victims.
  • Rehabilitation: Another attempt of criminal law is to reform offenders and facilitate their reincorporation into society using rehabilitation programs and measures aimed at reducing criminal behavior.
  • Promoting Justice: After all, criminal law endeavors to maintain the principles of fairness,equality, and due process, to ensure that all the individuals are treated fairly and the justice is served for both victims and offenders.

What are the three major acts of Criminal law in India?

Criminal law and criminal advocate in Chandigarh or overall in India is a versatile system designed to maintain order, uphold fairness and safeguard citizens. Among the numerous laws, three major laws stand out as the newly enacted to come into effect in India are explained below:

  • Indian Penal Code(IPC): The Indian Penal Code, enacted in 1860, was the official criminal code in the Republic of India. It highlights the definitions of various offenses, their punishments, and the procedures for prosecution. The IPC covers a wide range of criminal acts such as murder, assault, theft, robbery, and many others. The main objective of this act is to provide general penal code for India. Through this code, it consolidates the whole of the law on the subject and is comprehensive on the matters in respect of which it declares the law. Over the years, it has been amended to address emerging challenges and societal needs.
  • Criminal Procedure Code(CrPC): The code of criminal procedure commonly called Criminal Procedure Code was the main legislation on procedure for administration of substantive criminal law in India. This code was enacted in 1973, governs the procedural aspects of criminal lawyers in Chandigarh and overall in India. It highlights the procedures for investigation, arrest, bail, trial, and sentencing, The CrPC ensures that the criminal justice system operates efficiently and fairly, safeguarding the rights of both the accused and the victim.
  • Indian Evidence Act: The Indian Evidence Act, enacted in 1872, governs the admissibility and presentation of evidence in criminal proceedings. It provides that the burden of proof lies on the party who makes the claim and that it is their responsibility to prove their case.The three golden rules if Indian Evidence Act are:
  • Evidence must be confined to the matter in issue
  • Hearsay evidence must not be admitted
  • Best evidence must be given in all cases .

Roles of courts and legal professionals in implementation of Criminal law

  • Courts: Courts play a crucial role in hearing criminal cases, determining guilt or innocence, and imposing appropriate sentences.
  • Legal Professionals: Lawyers represent defendants or victims in criminal proceedings, advocating for their rights an
  • Lawyers: Lawyers navigate the complex legal system, safeguards the human rights and rights of their clients and ensures fair trials. Some of the best lawyers in Chandigarh or best criminal lawyers in Chandigarh and other states maintain these systems.


In conclusion, crime acts in India include theft, assault, and fraud. The biggest crime varies but often involves corruption or serious violence. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is considered the father of Indian law. Among lawyers, corporate lawyers typically earn the most due to their involvement in high-value transactions and contracts.


  • What are the crime acts in India?

Crime acts in India include theft, assault, fraud, robbery, kidnapping, murder, cybercrime, drug trafficking, and domestic violence

  • What is the biggest crime in India?

The biggest crime in India often involves corruption. This includes bribery, embezzlement of public funds, and abuse of power by government officials or individuals in positions of authority.

  • Who is the father of Indian law?

Dr. BR Ambedkar

  • Which type of lawyers earn the most?

Among lawyers, those specializing in corporate law typically earn the most. Corporate lawyers Chandigarh or other states handle legal matters related to businesses, including mergers and acquisitions, contracts, intellectual property, and securities regulations.

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